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India Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/india/india_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











India Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan

Geographic coordinates:
20 00 N, 77 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 3,287,263 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 2,973,193 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 314,070 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 7

Area - comparative:
slightly more than one-third the size of the US
Area comparison map: slightly more than one-third the size of the US

Land boundaries:
total: 13,888 km
border countries (6): Bangladesh 4,142 km, Bhutan 659 km, Burma 1,468 km, China 2,659 km, Nepal 1,770 km, Pakistan 3,190 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
7,000 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate:
varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

Terrain:
upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

Elevation:
mean elevation: 160 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Natural resources:
coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 60.5% arable land 52.8%; permanent crops 4.2%; permanent pasture 3.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 23.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 16.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
667,000 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes
volcanism: Barren Island (elev. 354 m) in the Andaman Sea has been active in recent years

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes; Kanchenjunga, third tallest mountain in the world, lies on the border with Nepal


NOTE: The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of India Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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